Skip to content


Your cart is empty

Ruby Hammer was founded as a brand to simplify and enhance your beauty routine.
Learn about the ingredients used in all of our products - no fear, just facts.

ACETYL OCTAPEPTIDE-3 - A synthetic peptide that is based around octapeptide-3, a peptide complex composed of the amino acids aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glutamine, and methionine.

ALANINE - This amino acid is one of the building blocks of skin-strengthening proteins including collagen, elastin, and keratin. Applied topically it also has hydrating and calming properties.

ARGININE - Amino acid with antioxidant and hydration properties.

ASCORBYL PALMITATE – is a form of Vitamin C, made up of Ascorbic & Palmitic acids. Research suggests it is not as effective as pure Vitamin C, but works with a higher pH, so is easier to formulate with. The addition of Palmitic acid provides hydrating properties to the formula.

ACRYLATES COPOLYMER - A silicone-enhanced film-forming agent. Also functions as a binding agent so products adhere better to skin.

ALCOHOL DENAT - Denatured alcohol has solvent and texture-enhancing properties in cosmetics, it is shown to damage and dehydrate skin in high volumes.

BHT – is a synthetic antioxidant used in cosmetics to prolong shelf-life and prevent oxidisation. It works to protect the ingredients against effects of exposure to light and air, which might otherwise alter the texture/appearance/odour.

BIOTINOYL TRIPEPTIDE-1 - A three amino acid peptide where the famous collagen fragment, Tripeptide-1, aka GHK is combined with Biotin, the well-known supplement for stronger nails and hairs. The result of the combination is Biotinoyl Tripeptide-1, a peptide claimed to be helpful for reducing hair loss and for making the eyelashes appear longer, fuller, and stronger.

BIS-BEHENYL/ ISOSTEARYL/ PHYTOSTERYL DIMER DILINOLEYL DIMER DILINOLEATE – commonly used in cosmetics as an emollient or skin conditioning agent. It helps form a barrier on the skin’s surface, holding in moisture and keeping the skin hydrated.

BUTYLENE GLYCOL - Humectant (hydration booster), texture/penetration enhancer, and formulary solvent. May also help decrease rough surface skin and stabilise the formula.

C20-40 ACID – is a mixture of fatty acids, used in cosmetics as a surfactant, helping the product to spread evenly and easily.

C20-40 ALCOHOLS – are a mixture of synthetic, fatty alcohols. They work to stabilise the ingredients and formula, improving shelf life and consistency of the products. These alcohols can help blend water and oil-based ingredients, and also provide a conditioning effect.

CAFFEINE - Caffeine is the chief stimulant in beverages such as coffee and tea. It's often included in skin care products with claims that it will improve the look of cellulite or puffy eyes. Caffeine for hair ups the hair's ability to grow. There's a hormone present to some extent on everyone's head called DHT, which is a form of testosterone, and is a common cause of hair loss. Caffeine targets and inhibits this hormone, to prevent shedding and encourage growth.

CANDELILLA CERA (WAX) HYDROCARBONS – a plant-based form of wax, often used as an alternative to beeswax. It’s used as a binding and thickening agent, improving the texture of the product. It also has moisturizing properties.

CANNABIS SATIVA SEED OIL – a nutrient dense oil from the seeds of the cannabis sativa plant. Due to it’s makeup of fatty acids, vitamins and antioxidants, it has many benefits to the skin. It hydrates and nourishes, is easily absorbed, and also has anti-inflammatory properties.

CAPRYLYL GLYCOL – is commonly used in cosmetics due to its moisturising properties. It is also used as a humectant, which means it attracts water to the skin, helping to keep the skin hydrated and soft. It also has antibacterial properties, improving lasting power and shelf-life of products.

CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE - Emollient and skin-replenishing ingredient derived from coconut oil and glycerine. Contains fatty acids that help skin resist moisture loss.

CARBON BLACK (CI 77266) - Carbon black is used as a colorant in the cosmetic industry. It has one of the highest coloring powers and is added to either enhance the color of the cosmetic product or change it completely

CELLULOSE – used as a natural, plant-based thickener. Helps to bind other ingredients together, giving the formulation a smoother texture.

CETEARYL ALCOHOL - Beneficial skin softening ingredient for skin (completely different from damaging/drying forms of alcohol). Also influences the foaming effects of a cleanser.

CETEARYL GLUCOSIDE - Emulsifier and texture-enhancing ingredient that delivers softening properties to skin.

CITRIC ACID – is a natural preservative and pH adjuster, derived from citrus fruit, used to balance the pH of cosmetic products.

COCO-GLUCOSIDE – It is a mixture of fatty alcohols, from coconut oil and sugar glucose, and can be made naturally or manufactured synthetically. Most often used as a cleansing agent, due to it’s ability to dissolve dirt and oil.

COPERNICIA CERIFERA (CARNAUBA WAX) CERA – a popular ingredient used for it’s thickening and moisturising properties. It is often used in lipbalms and lipsticks to create a smooth, glossy finish.

COPPER TRIPEPTIDE-1 - copper tripeptide-1 has been shown to provide antioxidant and skin-soothing benefits. It has the potential for hair growth stimulation is mentioned as a side effect in some studies of copper tripeptide-1.

D&C BLACK 2 (CI 77266) – is used as a colorant in cosmetic products, providing black pigment. It’s synthetic, and usually derived from coal tar. The small amounts used within cosmetics has been deemed safe.

DIISOSTEARYL MALATE – an ester made up of isostearic and malic acid, most commonly used as an emollient in cosmetics. Also had hydrating properties, providing long-lasting moisturization to the skin.

DIMETHICONE - An skin-softening silicone known for its permeable (think breathable) barrier that helps skin retain hydration. It has a uniquely silky, non-greasy feel.

DIPALMITOYL HYDROXYPROLINE – is a version of hydroxyproline, one of the amino acids in collagen. Therefore, it is known to stimulate collagen production, improving skin elasticity and firmness. It’s oil-soluble properties mean it absorbs well into the skin and lips.

DIPENTAERYTHRITYL PENTAISONONANOATE – a synthetic ester used as an emollient, and to control viscosity of products. It provides lubrication and smooth finish, improving the texture and feel of products.

DISODIUM EDTA - One of the salt forms of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, it improves the stability of other cosmetics ingredients, helping them last longer. It’s been deemed safe as used in cosmetics and is even used as an additive in some foods.

ETHYLENE/PROPYLENE COPOLYMER – is used in cosmetics to thicken formulations, and create the feel of a gel texture, even when the formula is oil-based. It also helps to keep the skin hydrated, by creating a barrier preventing water loss.

ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN - Skin-softening agent with hydration boosting properties. Also plays an important preservative role to help keep cosmetic formulas stable.

GLYCERIN - A naturally occurring substance in skin that helps retain moisture. It is used in skin care products to help defend against dryness.

GLYCERYL BEHENATE/EICOSADIOATE – is a mixture of esters glycerine, with behenic & eicosadioic acids. It works as a stabiliser and emulsifier and helps blend multiple ingredients together creating an even texture. It also acts as a moisturiser, keeping the skin hydrated. 

GLYCERYL CAPRYLATE / CITRATE/ LACTATE/ LINOLEATE/ OLEATE – esterified glycerin with a mixture of citric, lactic, linoleic and oleic acid. Commonly used as an emollient and emulsifier. Helps improve texture of product, and can enhance effectiveness of other products such as vitamins and antioxidants.

GLYCINE SOJA (SOYBEAN) PROTEIN – derived from soyabeans, it is rich in amino acids and antioxidants known as isoflavones. Helps promote collagen in the skin, improving texure and firmness, and providing anti-ageing properties.

GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA (LICORICE) LEAF EXTRACT – a plant extract known for it’s skin soothing properties. It has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits, reducing redness and discoloration.

GOSSYPIUM HERBACEUM (COTTON) POWDER - Gossypium Herbaceum (Cotton) is a soft white cellulosic substance composed of the fibers surrounding the seeds of various plants ( Gossypium herbaceum ) of the mallow family.

1,2-HEXANEDIOL - 1,2 hexanediol is a synthetic ingredient with multiple benefits in a cosmetic, from preservative to solvent.

HDI/TRIMETHYLOL HEXYLLACTONE CROSSPOLYMER – is a binding agent and texture enhancer, thickens formulation and increases spreadability of a product. It aids smooth application, and even distribution.

HISTIDINE - An essential amino acid that helps defend skin from environmental aggressors, maintain hydration, and also offers documented soothing benefits.

HYALURONIC ACID - Component of skin that is used in skin care products as a good restorative ingredient

HYDROLYZED HYALURONIC ACID - This hydrolyzed form of hyaluronic acid is a good moisturizer that has a lower molecular weight than standard hyaluronic acid.

HYDROXYETHYLCELLULOSE - This naturally derived ingredient serves as a thickening agent in cosmetics and has clinical and food usages as well.

IRON OXIDE (CI 77941) - is an ingredient that provides reddish/pinkish pigment to various cosmetic products. It is a commonly used pigment mainly used for aesthetic purposes, and is safe to use. 

IRON OXIDES (CI 77499) – is a black pigment used to add colour to various cosmetic products. It is a commonly used pigment, is safe to use and does not change colour over time.

ISOCETYL STEARATE – primarily used as an emollient, with a rich, non-greasy texture. It also functions as a lubricant, preventing the product drying out on the skin.

KAOLIN - Kaolin is a clay mineral known for its absorbent properties, particularly popular in facial masks aimed at reducing skin’s oil

LEPIDIUM MEYENII ROOT EXTRACT - Moisturing and anti-inflammatory ingredient that works to defend against environmental stress on skin

LEUCINE - A form of amino acid.

LIMNANTHES ALBA (MEADOWFOAM) SEED OIL – extracted from seeds of the meadowfoam plant, it a natural emollient that helps to lock in moisture, and soften and smooth the skin. It can enhance the skin’s natural antioxidants, helping to protect the skin from pollution and UV rays.

MALTODEXTRIN - This versatile plant-based sugar is used as an absorbent, stabilizer, film-forming agent, and skin softener in cosmetics

METHIONINE - A type of amino acid, which are fundamental constituents of all proteins found in the body.

METHYLPROPANEDIOL – acts as a solvent, allowing other ingredients to dissolve and mix together. It supports the absorption of other ingredients in the formula, and has hydrating properties that help to retain moisture and leave the skin feeling smooth.

MICA – is a mineral ingredient used to create a shimmer or opalescent effect in products. It is a natural mineral that is finely milled to add glitter/sparkle to the formulation. MICA is hypoallergenic, and more gentle in the skin compared to some synthetic alternatives.

MICROCRYSTALLINE WAX - Used as a thickener and to give products a semi-solid to solid smooth texture. Utilised most abundantly in lip care products.

NYLON-12 - A polyamide (protein-like polymer) derived from an omega fatty acid. The final ingredient is synthetic, and works in cosmetics as a thickener, opacifier, and offers some mild absorption properties. This ingredient's size is too large to penetrate past skin

OCTADECENE – is a synthetic liquid hydrocarbon, used as an emollient and texture enhancer to create a soft, smooth feel on the skin. It can also be used alongside other ingredients to improve their absorption.

OCTYLDODECANOL - A mineral wax used as a texture enhancer in cosmetics, especially to add stability to lipsticks and stick foundations and keep them blended.

OCTYLACRYLAMIDE/ACRYLATES/BUTYLAMINOETHYL METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER - is a clear, viscous liquid that is used in the cosmetic industry for its film-forming and binding properties. In cosmetic formulations, it enhances the water resistance and durability of products like eyeliners, mascaras, and long-wearing foundations.

ORYZA SATIVA (RICE) STARCH – Rice Starch can reduce inflammation and sooth irritated skin, leaving the skin with a soft, smooth feel.

PALMITIC ACID – is a fatty acid commonly used for it’s emollient and moisturising properties. It is hydrating, and helps improve skin texture. It also works as a surfactant, stabilizing the formula and preventing different ingredients separating.

PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE-4 - Trade name Matrixyl, a fatty acid mixed with amino acids.

PALMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE-7 - This peptide blends four amino acids with a fatty acid to enhance penetration, where it goes to work quieting factors in skin that trigger irritation and damage to skin’s supportive elements.

PALMITOYL TRIPEPTIDE-1 - Synthetic peptide proven to strengthen skin’s underlying supportive elements and visibly reduce signs of sun damage such as wrinkles and rough texture.

PANTHENOL - Also known as pro-vitamin B5. Humectant that increases hydration substantially by attracting/retaining moisture. Can also play a role in visibly reducing facial redness triggered by sensitivity.

PEG-60 / 40 HYDROGENATED CASTOR OIL – is often used in cosmetic products as an emulsifier, surfactant, and thickener. It helps mix oil and water ingredients, improving product performance and texture. It is most often used as a cleansing agent, helping remove dirt and oil from the skin. Minimised moisture loss from the skin.

PENTAERYTHRITYL TETRA-DI-T-BUTYL HYDROXYHYDROCINNAMATE – an antioxidant ingredient, often used to stabilise other antioxidants. It is most commonly used in lipstick, due to it’s stabilising and texture enhancing properties.

PHENOXYETHANOL – is used as a preservative in cosmetic products, to prevent growth of bacteria and fungus. It is very versatile, compatible with various pH levels and both water & oil-based formulas. Purified before use, it is deemed safe to used within cosmetics.

PHOSPHOLIPIDS – are a group of biomolecules used in cosmetic products due to their ability to improve skin hydration and appearance. They occur naturally in the body, and work by pulling water from the air and holding it where needed, but adding it into products can help boost hydration.

PLOXAMER 407 – is a copolymer most often used as an emulsifier and solubilizing agent. It helps to blend oil and water-based ingredients together, resulting in a smooth texture. It also acts as a surfactant, reducing surface tension of products, helping with even distribution when used.

POLYACRYLATE CROSSPOLYMER-6 - Synthetic powder ingredient that works particularly well to create an elegant consistency while simultaneously stabilising several bio-active ingredients in a single formula.

POLYBUTENE – is a synthetic liquid polymer, that works as a binding, thickening & glossing agent in cosmetic products. It works to thicken the formulation, and also provides lubrication to support application. There are no proven downsides to using polybutene on the skin.

POLYBUTENE – used as a thickening agent, it helps to create a smooth texture and improve application. Due to large molucules, it cannot penetrate the skin and is therefore safe for use.

POLYETHYLENE – has many uses in cosmetic products, including use as a binder/thickening agent, emulsion stabilizer and film former. Due to the large molecule sizes, it is deemed as safe for use on the skin.

POLYISOBUTENE - A polymer of the hydrocarbon isobutylene obtained from petroleum oil. It functions as a thickening agent.

POLYSORBATE 20 / 60 - Emulsifier and mild cleansing agents that also improves penetration of key ingredients without irritating skin.

POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE - Also known as lye, a highly alkaline ingredient used in small amounts in cosmetics.

POTASSIUM SORBATE – is a common preservative used in cosmetics to prevent bacterial and fungal growth. It is slightly weaker than other preservatives, so often used alongside others. It support shelf-life and keeps product free from contamination.

PROPANEDIOL - Improves ingredient absorption while adding moisturising properties for skin. Can also be used to support the stability of a formula.

SILICA – is a mineral found in plants, animals and rocks. As a powder, it helps to absorb excess oil and moisture giving the skin a matte appearance. It can also be used in liquid form as a thickener, to improve application and distribute pigment more evenly.

SODIUM BENZOATE – the salt of benzoic acid and is commonly used as a preservative in cosmetics to prevent growth of bacteria, fungi and yeast.

SODIUM DEHYDROACETATE – an organic salt used as a preservative in cosmetics to prevent bacterial growth. It’s antimicrobial properties also help extend shelf life.

SODIUM HYALURONATE - The salt form of hyaluronic acid. Like its sister ingredient, it's considered an excellent moisturizer, helping skin retain water so it looks and feels smoother. It is more bioavailable than hyaluronic acid, meaning it is more readily absorbed by skin.

SODIUM LAURETH-12 SULFATE – a surfactant most commonly used as a cleansing and foaming agent. It helps remove dirt, oil and impurities from the skin. As an emulsifier, it can also be used to thicken formulations.

SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE – also known as SLS, it is most often used as a cleansing agent due to it’s dirt and oil stripping properties. It is most often used in small amounts, as can be known to cause irritation to sensitive skin.

SORBITAN ISOSTEARATE - A very mild cleansing agent that also helps stabilise skin care formulas and keep oil- and water-based ingredients from separating.

SORBITAN STEARATE – derived from a sugar knows as Sorbitol & fatty acid Stearic acid. It is used as an emulsifier, texture enhancer and thickener. It helps blend water and oil-based ingredients, giving products a smoother texture.

STEARYL DIMETHICONE – is a siloxane polymer, a non-greasy silicone-based emollient. It has many uses, such as improving pigment dispersion, provides a silky texture to formulations, acts as a conditioning agent, and helps increase longevity of wear.

STEARIC ACID - Emollient, emulsifier, cleansing and texture-enhancing ingredient. Protects skin's surface against water loss and helps shore up skin's protective barrier.

STYRENE/ACRYLATES COPOLYMER – a synthetic polymer containing acrylates and styrene. Used in cosmetic products to add colour. It is a film-forming agent, and therefore does not penetrate the skin.

STYRENE/ACRYLATES/AMMONIUM METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER – a water resistant film forming agent. A binder regularly used in makeup products.

SYNTHETIC BEESWAX – mimics the properties of natural beeswax but is more cost-effective. Creates a protective barrier on the skin aiding hydration, and helps blend ingredients maintaining a products consistency.

SYNTHETIC FLUORPHLOGOPITE – composed of silicon, and various metallic elements, it is used to thicken emulsions and bulk them out.

SYNTHETIC WAX – Made from synthetic materials such as hydrocarbons, ketones and aldehydes, synthetic wax is commonly used as a thickening, emulsifying and binding agent. It is known to improve the texture of cosmetic products, creating a smooth glossy feel. It also provides water-resistant properties.

TALC - Naturally occurring mineral composed of magnesium, hydrogen, oxygen, and silicon which combine to form what's known as anhydrous (contains no water) magnesium silicate.

THEOBROMA GRANDIFLORUM SEED BUTTER – also known as Cupuaçu butter. Used in cosmetics due to it’s emollient and hydrating properties. It helps support the skin’s natural barrier, protecting against harmful environmental factors.

TIN OXIDE – a white/grey powdery substance used to add opacity to products. It can also be used as a bulking agent to thicken formulations.

TITANIUM DIOXIDE (CI 77891) – derived from minerals, it is a white pigment that can used to adjust colour and opacity of products, and used alongside other pigments to create other shades. Its main benefit is protection against UVA and UBV rays, acting as a great sunscreen ingredient for sensitive skin.

TOCOPHEROL (VITAMIN E) – Helps prevent oxidisation of the product, therefore extending shelf life. It also has benefits for the skin such as improvement of texture, tone, reduces inflammation and keeps skin looking youthful by preventing the breakdown of collagen.

TRIETHYLHEXANOIN – is a mixture of glycerine and 2-ethylhexanoic acid. It works as an emollient meaning it helps soften and smooth the skin. It also gives formulas an improved texture, supporting smoother application.

TRIPEPTIDE-1 - Tripeptide-1, aka GHK (glycine, histidine, lysine - the amino acids that comprise it), is a synthetic signal peptide that teaches skin to rebuild damaged areas.

TRIPEPTIDE-2 – Skin conditioning and perfecting

TRIPEPTIDE-3 - AHK (Tripeptide-3) is a 3 amino acid long peptide. Classed as a research peptide, tests have shown so far it to be effective in hair growth, healing wounds and wound regeneration. Further studies have discovered it to have the capability to tighten skin and improve skin elasticity and reduce wrinkles.

TROMETHAMINE - pH adjusting ingredient used to help neutralize acidic formulas and ingredients.

TYROSINE – A form of amino acid

VP/EICOSENE COPOLYMER – is a synthetic polymer, that helps create a long-lasting film on the skin improving longevity. It also helps improve texture, and therefore spreadability of formulations.

WATER (AQUA) – is one of the most common ingredients in cosmetics, as it acts as a solvent and carrier for other ingredients. Can help to dissolve and disperse other substances, ensuring they blend together evenly and smoothly.